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By Tor Norretranders
The consumer phantasm of this groundbreaking book's name comes from the pc and refers back to the simplistic psychological picture so much people have of our computers. Our cognizance, says Nrretranders, is our person phantasm of ourselves. for instance:
* In any given moment, we consciously method simply 16 of the 11 million bits of data our senses move directly to our brains.
* because it takes part a moment to discard these bits of knowledge we do not use, there is a part moment hold up among fact and our notion of it. If a baseball participant considered swinging at a pitch, he'd by no means hit the ball.
* actual conversation comprises the mammoth quantity of knowledge that is left out--what the writer calls exformation--not the minuscule percent that is left in. The person phantasm makes the case that people are designed for a miles richer lifestyles than processing a dribble of information from a working laptop or computer monitor, which really constitutes a sort of sensory deprivation. actually, there's a long way too little details within the so-called info Age. Drawing on wildly disparate components of medical learn, Tor Nrretranders makes a compelling case for placing recognition in viewpoint and embracing all that the realm has to provide.
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The consumer phantasm of this groundbreaking book's identify comes from the pc and refers back to the simplistic psychological snapshot so much people have of our computers. Our attention, says Nrretranders, is our consumer phantasm of ourselves. for instance: * In any given moment, we consciously technique merely 16 of the 11 million bits of data our senses go directly to our brains.
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Extra info for The User Illusion: Cutting Consciousness Down to Size
CHAPTER 2 THROWING AWAY INFORMATION A demon had to be exorcised. The first decades of the twentieth cen tury had been one long succession of victories for the notion that matter was made up of atoms and molecules. Maxwell’s and Boltz mann’s ideas on the statistical behavior of large aggregations of such atoms and molecules had been validated, despite the considerable resistance that proved so fatal to Boltzmann. At the end of the nineteenth century, the argument over the exis tence of atoms was still raging so strongly that the problem of Maxwell’s demon could be left to rest.
3 It was this divinity that Szilard dismissed. “Maxwell’s demon was not mortal,” wrote Daub, “because he was made in the image of God. And like God, he could see without seeing and hear without hearing. In short, he could acquire information without any expenditure of energy. . ”4 Leo Szilard’s analysis of Maxwell’s demon started the study of knowl edge as part of the physical world— insight as a participation that car ries a cost; measurement as a material act; sensation as metabolism; knowing as work: the thermodynamics of thought; the insight of the mind into its own physicality.
Our lack of knowledge about the actual microstate grows the hotter it is in our living room. Entropy is a measure of ignorance, but it is convenient ignorance: There is in fact no reason for us to know where every single molecule in the room is heading, or at what speed. Entropy is a measure of the coarse graining that applies to the level at which we describe things. Heat is a very coarse concept; there are stacks of knowledge we happily ignore. Heat is a concept that involves lots and lots of entropy because it is very coarse and discards a great deal of knowledge of microstates that we cannot be bothered to pos sess.
The User Illusion: Cutting Consciousness Down to Size by Tor Norretranders