Download e-book for kindle: The Calculus of Life: Towards a Theory of Life by Andrés Moya

By Andrés Moya

ISBN-10: 3319169696

ISBN-13: 9783319169699

ISBN-10: 331916970X

ISBN-13: 9783319169705

This publication explores the fascinating global of theoretical biology and is split into 3 sections. the 1st part examines the jobs performed through popular scientists equivalent to Jacob, Monod, Rosen, Turing, von Bertalanffy, Waddington and Woodger in constructing the sphere of theoretical biology. the second one part, aided with a number of examples, helps the concept common sense and computing are appropriate formal languages to explain and comprehend organic phenomena. The 3rd and ultimate part is, surely, the main intellectually difficult and endeavors to teach the potential paths lets take to compute a telephone - the fundamental unit of existence - or the stipulations required for a predictive concept of organic evolution; eventually, a idea of lifestyles within the gentle of contemporary platforms Biology. The paintings goals to teach that glossy biology is nearer than ever to creating Goethe's dream come precise and that we have got reached some degree the place man made and analytical traditions converge to make clear the residing being as a whole.

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Example text

The rules of the game are to do with the active or living state of these eight cells, which determine if the cell being evaluated will be alive or not in the successive generation. The game revolves around only three rules: whether the number of living cells is two, three, or any of the other numbers between zero and eight. More specifically: 1. If two of the neighbouring cells are alive, the initial cell maintains its current status through to the following phase: it remains alive if it was alive and dead if it was dead.

But if these thresholds are the product of natural selection, it does not seem so for the archetypal trajectories where certain thresholds are set by the very organisms’ internal constraints and which, somehow, delimit the easiest way for the great archetypes to evolve once they appear. The whole programme of current Evolutionary Developmental Biology has been shaped, at 4 Concepts for a Theoretical Biology 23 least conceptually, around these ideas. True to say, genetic scrutiny of organism development has contributed decisively to consolidating the phenomena of the ­epigenetic and archetypal or phylogenetic trajectories and their respective canalisation.

It is like solitude leading to extinction. However, extinction is also caused by the presence of many other neighbouring cells because in this case, competition with other cells leads to death. Evidently, the game could have been devised with different rules which might have allowed more life for the initial cell in conditions of solitude and/or extreme competition from neighbouring cells. However, Conway was probably aware that it was exactly by using an intermediate number of neighbouring cells that added greater richness and complexity to the game as it developed.

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The Calculus of Life: Towards a Theory of Life by Andrés Moya

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