16-Bit-Microprocessor Systems: Structure, Behavior, and - download pdf or read online
By Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.)
In the previous few years, quite a few books on microprocessors have seemed out there. so much of them originated within the context of the 4-bit and the 8-bit microprocessors and their relatively uncomplicated constitution. in spite of the fact that, the techno-logical improvement from 8-bit to 16-bit microprossors resulted in processor elements with a considerably extra complicated constitution and with an accelerated performance and likewise to a rise within the process architecture's complexity. This books takes this development under consideration. It examines 16-bit micro-processor structures and descrihes their constitution, their habit and their programming. the foundations of computing device or ganization are handled on the part point. this is often performed via a close exam of the attribute functionali ty of microprocessors. additionally the interactions among and software program, which are commonplace of microprocessor know-how, are brought. Interfacing strategies are one of many focal issues of those concerns. This puplication is geared up as a textbook and is meant as a self-teaching direction on 16-bit microprocessors for college students of desktop technology and communications, layout engineers and clients in a large choice of technical and clinical fields. uncomplicated wisdom of boolean algebra is believed. the alternative of fabric is predicated at the 16-bit microprocessors which are at the moment on the market; nevertheless, the presentation isn't certain to somebody of those microprocessors.
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Extra info for 16-Bit-Microprocessor Systems: Structure, Behavior, and Programming
In order to avoid too close a connection with one of the marketed microprocessors, we will describe a processor structure by using a model that is very similar to the existing microprocessors. First, we will start with a kind of microprocessor that has a limited address length of 16 bits and that is offered by some manufacturers as the most cost effective version. In particular. 1 will deal with the pJincipal structural characteristics of the microprocessor: register set, data types, data formats and addressing modes.
I-,1 Memory address Fig. 6. One possible base addressing Another possibility is the use of base address registers with a 20-bit register for instance, so that 1 M byte addressing is possible. Ail program addresses are represented as 16-bit relative addresses. The actual memory address results from the addition of the base address to the relative address. 6). Inters 8086 microprocessor is an example for this kind of addressing. It is equipped with four 16-bit base address registers, each extended by four zero bits.
Depending on the assembly language, the field positions within a statement are either fixed or variable. 18 shows a fixed fonnat, in which each field begins in a fixed position. In the case of variable fon;1ats, the field position has to be indicated by a specific character, for instance a space. The label field is used for the symbolic addressing of a program statement, and it may contain a symbol. The operation field contains t-he mnemonical op code; the address field specifies one or more symbolic addresses divided by comma".
16-Bit-Microprocessor Systems: Structure, Behavior, and Programming by Dr.-Ing. Thomas Flik, Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hans Liebig (auth.)